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Souvik Mondal sir has spent over half a decade in amassing knowledge in the field of Civil Services. Sir has an ocean of experience of teaching and mentoring 3000+ hours of lectures to over 2000+ students from all across the subcontinent.
Souvik sir is a dedicated and experienced teaching
professional with proven success ensuring quality training to prospective civil services aspirants.

Sir has been a renowned faculty for History and
International Relations at

  • Chanakya IAS Academy
  • Alva’s foundation, etc.


Event Details
Application Starts 1st November, 2023
Application Ends 20th January, 2024
Commencement of Online Classes Already Started (ongoing)
Online Class Duration November, 2023 - April, 2024
Course Fee Rs. 9491/- (EMI option also available)

*If you face any technical issues via UPI ID And QR Code, please use Direct Bank Transfer Mechanism  for smooth payment of fee.


Section – A

  1. Sources Archaeological sources :
    Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments.
    Literary sources:
    Indigenous : Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature.
    Foreign account: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.
  1. Pre-history and Proto-history : Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (paleolithic and mesolithic); Beginning of agriculture (neolithic and chalcolithic).
  1. Indus Valley Civilization : Origin, date, extent, characteristics-decline, survival and significance, art and architecture.
  1. Megalithic Cultures : Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus, Development of community life, Settlements, Development of agriculture, Crafts, Pottery, and Iron industry.
  1. Aryans and Vedic Period : Expansions of Aryans in India :
    Vedic Period: Religious and philosophic literature; Transformation from Rig Vedic period to the later Vedic period; Political, social and economical life; Significance of the Vedic Age; Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system.
  1. Period of Mahajanapadas : Formation of States (Mahajanapada): Republics and monarchies; Rise of urban centres; Trade routes; Economic growth; Introduction of coinage; Spread of Jainism and Buddism; Rise of Magadha and Nandas.
    Iranian and Mecedonian invasions and their impact.
  1. Mauryan Empire : Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra; Ashoka; Concept of Dharma; Edicts; Polity, Administration, Economy; Art, architecture and sculpture; External contacts; Religion; Spread of religion; Literature.
    Disintegration of the empire; sungas and Kanvas.
  1. Post-Mauryan Period (Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western Kshatrapas) : Contact with outside world; growth of urban centres, economy, coinage, development of religions, Mahayana, social conditions, art, architecture, culture, literature and science.
  1. Early State and Society in Eastern India, Deccan and South India: Kharavela, The Satavahanas, Tamil States of the Sangam Age; Administration, Economy, land grants, coinage, trade guilds and urban centres; Buddhist centres; Sangam literature and culture; Art and architecture.
  1. Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas: Polity and administration, Economic conditions, Coinage of the Guptas, Land grants, Decline of urban centres, Indian feudalism, Caste system, Position of women, Education and educational institutions; Nalanda, Vikramshila and Vallabhi, Literature, scientific literature, art and architecture.
  1. Regional States during Gupta Era: The Kadambas, Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami; Polity and Administration, Trade guilds, Literature; growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Tamil Bhakit movement, Shankaracharya; Vedanta; Institutions of temple and temple architecture; Palas, Senas, Rashtrakutas, Paramaras, Polity and administration; Cultural aspects. Arab conquest of Sind; Alberuni, The Chaluky as of Kalyana, Cholas, Hoysalas, Pandyas; Polity and Administration; Local Government; Growth of art and architecture, religious sects, Institution of temple and Mathas, Agraharas, education and literature, economy and society.
  1. Themes in Early Indian Cultural History: Languages and texts, major stages in the evolution of art and architecture, major philosophical thinkers and schools, ideas in Science and Mathematics.

Section – B

  1. Early Medieval India, 750-1200: Polity : Major political developments in Northern India and the peninsula, origin and the rise of Rajputs.
    —    The Cholas: administration, village economy and society “Indian Feudalism”.
    —    Agrarian economy and urban settlements.
    —    Trade and commerce.
    —    Society: the status of the Brahman and the new social order.
    —    Condition of women.
    —    Indian science and technology.
  1. Cultural Traditions in India, 750-1200: Philosophy: Skankaracharya and Vedanta, Ramanuja and Vishishtadvaita, Madhva and Brahma-Mimansa.
    —    Religion: Forms and features of religion, Tamil devotional cult, growth of Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India, Sufism.
    —    Literature: Literature in Sanskrit, growth of Tamil literature, literature in the newly developing languages, Kalhan’s Rajtarangini, Alberuni’s India.
    —    Art and Architecture: Temple architecture, sculpture, painting.
  1. The Thirteenth Century: Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate: The Ghurian invasions – factors behind Ghurian success.
    —    Economic, Social and cultural consequences.
    —    Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans.
    —    Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish and Balban.
  1. The Fourteenth Century:  “The Khalji Revolution”.
    —    Alauddin Khalji: Conquests and territorial expansion, agrarian and economic measure.
    —    Muhammad Tughluq: Major projects, agrarian measures, bureaucracy of Muhammad Tughluq.
    —    Firuz Tugluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, decline of the Sultanate, foreign contacts and Ibn Battuta’s account.
  1. Society, Culture and Economy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries:  Society: composition of rural society, ruling classes, town dwellers, women, religious classes, caste and slavery under the Sultanate, Bhakti movement, Sufi movement.
    —    Culture: Persian literature, literature in the regional languages of North India, literaute in the languages of South India, Sultanate architecture and new structural forms, painting, evolution of a composite culture.
    —    Economy: Agricultural Production, rise of urban economy and non-agricultural production, trade and commerce.
  1. The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century-Political Developments and Economy:  Rise of Provincial Dynasties : Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat.
    —    Malwa, Bahmanids.
    —    The Vijayanagara Empire.
    —    Lodis.
    —    Mughal Empire, first phase : Babur, Humayun.
    —    The Sur Empire : Sher Shah’s administration.—    Portuguese colonial enterprise, Bhakti and Sufi Movements.
  1. The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century- Society and culture:  Regional cultures specificities.
    —    Literary traditions.
    —    Provincial architectural.
    —    Society, culture, literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire.
  1. Akbar: —    Conquests and consolidation of empire.
    —    Establishment of jagir and mansab systems.
    —    Rajput policy.
    —    Evolution of religious and social outlook. Theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy.
    —    Court patronage of art and technology.
  1. Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century:  Major administrative policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb.
    —    The Empire and the Zamindars.
    —    Religious policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb.
    —    Nature of the Mughal State.
    —    Late Seventeenth Century crisis and the revolts.
    —    The Ahom kingdom.
    —    Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom.
  1. Economy and society, in the 16th and 17th Centuries: Population Agricultural and craft production.
    —    Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies : a trade revolution.
    —    Indian mercantile classes. Banking, insurance and credit systems.
    —    Conditions of peasants, Condition of Women.
    —    Evolution of the Sikh community and the Khalsa Panth.
  1. Culture during Mughal Empire: Persian histories and other literature.
    — Hindi and religious literatures.
    — Mughal architecture.
    — Mughal painting.
    — Provincial architecture and painting.
    — Classical music.
    — Science and technology.
  1. The Eighteenth Century:  Factors for the decline of the Mughal Empire.
    — The regional principalities: Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh.
    — Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas.
    — The Maratha fiscal and financial system.
    — Emergence of Afghan power Battle of Panipat, 1761.
    — State of, political, cultural and economic, on eve of the British conquest.


  1. European Penetration into India: The Early European Settlements; The Portuguese and the Dutch; The English and the French East India Companies; Their struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars; Bengal-The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal; Siraj and the English; The Battle of Plassey; Significance of Plassey.
  1. British Expansion in India: Bengal-Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim; The Battle of Buxar; Mysore; The Marathas; The three Anglo-Maratha Wars; The Punjab.
  1. Early Structure of the British Raj: The Early administrative structure; From diarchy to direct contol; The Regulating Act (1773); The Pitt’s India Act (1784); The Charter Act (1833); The Voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule; The English utilitarian and India.
  1. Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule:
    1. Land revenue settlements in British India; The Permanent Settlement; Ryotwari Settlement; Mahalwari Settlement; Economic impact of the revenue arrangements; Commercialization of agriculture; Rise of landless agrarian labourers; Impoverishment of the rural society.
    2. Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce; De-industrialisation; Decline of traditional crafts; Drain of wealth; Economic transformation of India; Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postal services; Famine and poverty in the rural interior; European business enterprise and its limitations.
  1. Social and Cultural Developments:
    The state of indigenous education, its dislocation; Orientalist-Anglicist controversy, The introduction of western education in India; The rise of press, literature and public opinion; The rise of modern vernacular literature; Progress of Science; Christian missionary activities in India.
  1. Social and Religious Reform Movements in Bengal and Other Areas:
    Ram Mohan Roy, The Brahmo Movement; Devendranath Tagore; Iswarchandra Vidyasagar; The Young Bengal Movement; Dayanada Saraswati; The social reform movements in India including Sati, widow remarriage, child marriage etc.; The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India; Islamic revivalism-the Feraizi and Wahabi Movements.
  1. Indian Response to British Rule:
    Peasant movement and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including the Rangpur Dhing (1783), the Kol Rebellion (1832), the Mopla Rebellion in Malabar (1841-1920), the Santal Hul (1855), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), Deccan Uprising (1875) and the Munda Ulgulan (1899-1900); The Great Revolt of 1857 —Origin, character, casuses of failure, the consequences; The shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post-1857 period; the peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s.
  1. Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism; Politics of Association; The Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress; Programme and objectives of Early Congress; the social composition of early Congress leadership; the Moderates and Extremists; The Partition of Bengal (1905); The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal; the economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement; The beginning of revolutionary extremism in India.
  2. Rise of Gandhi; Character of Gandhian nationalism; Gandhi’s popular appeal; Rowlatt Satyagraha; the Khilafat Movement; the Non-cooperation Movement; National politics from the end of the Non-cooperation movement to the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement; the two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement; Simon Commission; The Nehru Report; the Round Table Conferences; Nationalism and the Peasant Movements; Nationalism and Working class movements; Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947); the election of 1937 and the formation of ministries; Cripps Mission; the Quit India Movement; the Wavell Plan; The Cabinet Mission.
  3. Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935.
  4. Other strands in the National Movement.
    The Revolutionaries: Bengal, the Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P. the Madras Presidency, Outside India.
    The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.
  5. Politics of Separatism; the Muslim League; the Hindu Mahasabha; Communalism and the politics of partition; Transfer of power; Independence.
  6. Consolidation as a Nation; Nehru’s Foreign Policy; India and her neighbours (1947-1964); The linguistic reorganisation of States (1935-1947); Regionalism and regional inequality; Integration of Princely States; Princes in electoral politics; the Question of National Language.
  7. Caste and Ethnicity after 1947; Backward Castes and Tribes in post-colonial electoral politics; Dalit movements.
  8. Economic development and political change; Land reforms; the politics of planning and rural reconstruction; Ecology and environmental policy in post-colonial India; Progress of Science.

Section – B

  1. Enlightenment and Modern ideas:
    (i) Major Ideas of Enlightenment : Kant, Rousseau.
    (ii) Spread of Enlightenment in the colonies.
    (iii) Rise of socialist ideas (up to Marx); spread of Marxian Socialism.
  1. Origins of Modern Politics :
    (i) European States System.
    (ii) American Revolution and the Constitution.
    (iii) French Revolution and Aftermath, 1789-1815.
    (iv) American Civil War with reference to Abraham Lincoln and the abolition of slavery.
    (v) British Democratic politics, 1815-1850 : Parliamentary Reformers, Free Traders, Chartists.
  1. Industrialization :
    (i) English Industrial Revolution : Causes and Impact on Society.
    (ii) Industrialization in other countries : USA, Germany, Russia, Japan.
    (iii) Industrialization and Globalization.
  1. Nation-State System :
    (i) Rise of Nationalism in 19th century.
    (ii) Nationalism : State-building in Germany and Italy.
    (iii) Disintegration of Empires in the face of the emergence of nationalities across the World.
  1. Imperialism and Colonialism :
    (i) South and South-East Asia.
    (ii) Latin America and South Africa.
    (iii) Australia.
    (iv) Imperialism and free trade: Rise of neo-imperialism.
  1. Revolution and Counter-Revolution :
    (i) 19th Century European revolutions.
    (ii) The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921.
    (iii) Fascist Counter-Revolution, Italy and Germany.
    (iv) The Chinese Revolution of 1949.
  1. World Wars :
    (i) 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars : Societal implications.
    (ii) World War I : Causes and Consequences.
    (iii) World War II : Causes and Consequences.
  1. The World after World War II:
    (i) Emergence of Two power blocs.
    (ii) Emergence of Third World and non-alignment.
    (iii) UNO and the global disputes.
  1. Liberation from Colonial Rule :
    (i) Latin America-Bolivar.
    (ii) Arab World-Egypt.
    (iii) Africa-Apartheid to Democracy.
    (iv) South-East Asia-Vietnam.
  1. Decolonization and Underdevelopment :
    (i) Factors constraining Development ; Latin America, Africa.
  1. Unification of Europe :
    (i) Post War Foundations ; NATO and European Community.
    (ii) Consolidation and Expansion of European Community
    (iii) European Union.
  1. Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World :
    (i) Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet Communism and Soviet Union, 1985-1991.
    (ii) Political Changes in East Europe 1989-2001.
    (iii) End of the Cold War and US Ascendancy in the World as the lone superpower.

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